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习近平在福建(二十九):“习近平同志对科学决策的重视是一以贯之的”

发布时间:2020-08-28 来源:学习时报 浏览次数:2001次

采访对象:李非,1962年8月生,福建永安人。1986年6月到厦门大学台湾研究所(现台湾研究院)工作。现任厦门大学港澳台研究中心主任,兼任福建省人民政府顾问等职。

采 访 组:邱 然 黄 珊 陈 思

采访日期: 2017年6月2日初访,2020年3月4日核访

采访地点: 福州市芳沁园,福州悦华酒店


采访组:李老师,您好!您37岁时被选为首届福建省政府顾问,是顾问团中最年轻的一位。请您谈谈当时的情况。

李非:1999年,习近平同志时任福建省委副书记、代省长,他很重视科学决策,很重视发挥智囊团的作用。毕竟,一个人的智慧是有限的,有智囊团的话,大家都可以出点主意,群策群力,这对于党委和政府增强决策的科学性、实效性是很有益处的。

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采访组:请您介绍一下顾问团的工作情况。

李非:顾问团的专家来自不同领域,不只是对台方面,还有经济、文化等各个领域,涉及福建经济社会发展的方方面面。我记得顾问团组建时,习近平同志亲自参加成立仪式,还在会上讲了成立顾问团的初衷。他说:“这次组建福建省的顾问团,目的是集思广益,为福建省的建设出谋划策。这个顾问团不是摆着好看的,是真正有想法的出想法、有意见的提意见、有解决办法的拿办法。”他讲完后,给我们每个顾问都颁发了专家委员会的证书,还安排大家吃了饭。我顺便送了一本自己写的书《海峡两岸经济合作问题研究》给他。那本书是我博士毕业以后写的,他说他会看。

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采访组:习近平同志除了每年政府工作报告要请你们进行讨论,其他时间也会请吗?

李非:在其他时间,他也会不定期召集大家。比如,突然遇到一些问题,他想更深入地了解和探讨,就召集我们来讨论。每次讨论,都有鲜明的主题,时间上也很明确,安排计划时注重分清轻重缓急,有亟待解决的问题,有未来几年的问题,还有长远的规划打算。有时候,他还会给我们一个专题,让各个领域的专家逐一发表意见。

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采访组:习近平同志非常关心对台贸易与吸引台商投资的工作,请您谈谈相关的情况。

李非:当时,福建对台贸易规模比较有限,但是小额直接贸易在平潭、厦门、泉州、宁德、福州马尾区等地开展得风风火火,经过不断积累,“小三通”在一定程度上也促进了“大三通”。

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采访组:福建是海洋大省,请您谈谈习近平同志当年关于海洋发展的战略思路。

李非:福建是海洋大省,海岸线全国排名第二位。在这种有利条件下,习近平同志非常重视海洋资源的开发和利用。每次专家咨询会,他都会提出要用好海洋资源,加快发展“蓝色经济”,建设海洋强省。但那时的福建省海洋经济存在一些短板,如海洋科技的创新能力不强、海洋生态遭到破坏、部分海洋产业超出海洋环境容量、涉海金融服务对海洋经济的支持力度不够。对此,习近平同志强调,要积极走出去,通过培养涉外海洋服务人才,提升海洋科技创新能力,加强海洋生态保护,解决海洋经济发展掣肘。他还指出,海洋事业包括方方面面,靠的不是单打独斗,而是通力合作,发挥各自优势,通过出台各种优惠政策,加大财政投入,强化金融扶持,共建科技创新平台,形成发展合力。在习近平同志主持省政府工作期间,福建省通过各方努力,海洋经济规模得到大幅提升,产值快速增加,国际竞争力明显提高,与多方实现了合作共赢。


采访组:请您谈谈对习近平同志治国理政实践和思想的认识。

李非:习近平同志的施政理念和风格高度契合中国的国情。无论是在福建,还是在浙江、上海,还是到中央工作以后,他的工作特点都是波澜不惊、稳健发展、稳中求进。确实,在当今社会不能“大干快上”,不能急功近利,要稳增长、调结构。要发展就不能乱“折腾”,不能翻烧饼,如果政策变动太激烈,会相应地使风险累积,甚至带来危机。当然,转型是很痛苦的,想办法怎么减轻痛苦,怎么能够软着陆,这就是习近平同志现在努力在做的事。

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